Updated: Mar 16, 2021
In Malaysia, water pollution is a major issue that has a detrimental effect on water resources. Only a limited amount of wastewater is treated and the majority is deposited into our bodies of water. Pollutants end up in groundwater, rivers, and other sources of water as a result of this. The water that finally comes to our homes is often polluted and contains disease-causing pathogens. Agricultural runoff, water from fields that flow into rivers and includes fertilizers and pesticides, is another main water pollutant (1).
Some efforts may be made to reduce water pollution, such as:
1. Save water by shutting off the water tap while it is not in use, which lowers the amount of polluted water that needs to be treated and aims to avoid water shortages.
2. Be cautious about anything you throw or flush down the toilet. Paints, chemicals, and other kinds of litter should not be washed down the toilet. Try using eco-friendly household goods including laundry detergent, cleaning agents, and toiletries. Although they are sometimes more costly, you are helping the environment by consuming less toxic chemicals.
3. Stop using pesticides and fertilizers unnecessarily. This would avoid material runoff into local water bodies. If fertilizer gets into paved areas, blow or brush it out onto the grass. Don't fertilize your lawn right before a rainstorm. The contaminants would end up in storm drains and rivers. Increasing the number of plants within your garden reduces the amount of fertilizer, chemicals, and polluted water that enters local water bodies.
4. Be sure that your septic tank is not flowing straight into your sewerage system. This can lead to serious complications as well as emissions in the system. Consult the local water department for information about maintaining a septic tank better (2).
5. Mulch as well as compost lawn clippings or other yard waste. If you can't recycle it, leave it in your yard. Leaves must not be blown into the driveway. Storm drains get clogged and damaged as a result of this.
6. Instead of washing your vehicle or outside appliances on the driveway, wash it so the water can run to a grassed or gravel field.
7. Should not dispose of trash in rivers, streams, or seas. Support pick up any garbage you find on beaches, rivers banks, or lakes, and make sure it's safe to collect it and throw it away in a local trash can.
8. Hazardous substances such as ammonia, thinner, bleach, paint, and various other chemicals have become a serious concern, and dumping them down the sink or toilet has serious consequences. In this case, waste handling is crucial. There are numerous recycling facilities and drop-off locations that will recycle old paint, recycled fuel oil, and other chemicals to store these toxic wastes properly.
9. It's not a good idea to wash off medicine tablets, liquid or powder remedies, or drugs down a toilet or crush them in the kitchen sink disposal, even though you don't need them. Hormones and other chemicals contaminate drinking water and have bad impacts on fish and other marine organisms. They can have negative effects on septic systems.
10. Keep out oils, fat, or grease away from the drain as it can clog the pipes. Instead, let it cool and pour into a disposable container to throw in the trash. There are other ways to manage your used cooking oil, if you want to know more ways, click here.
Together we can keep our water clean and save our rivers in Malaysia.
(1) Afroz, R., Masud, M., Akhtar, R., & Duasa, J. (2014). Water Pollution: Challenges and Future Direction for Water Resource Management Policies in Malaysia.Environment And Urbanization Asia, 5(1), 63-81. doi: 10.1177/0975425314521544
(2) Camara, M., Jamil, N., & Abdullah, A. (2019). Impact of land uses on water quality in Malaysia: a review. Ecological Processes, 8(1). doi: 10.1186/s13717-019-0164-x